Rebuttals: Alternate Views
*About the sources of the alternate views: Mankind's Version
Dr. Michio Kaku:
“Dr. Michio Kaku is a professor of theoretical physics at the Graduate Center of the City of New York. He graduated summa cum laude from Harvard and received his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley, and has taught at Princeton University. He is the cofounder of string theory, has written many books, and has published more than seventy scientific papers on superstrings, supergravity, and nuclear physics. He is the author of the widely acclaimed Hyperspace: a Scientific Odyssey Through Parallel Universes, Time Warps, and the 10th Dimension, which both the New York Times and the Washington Post selected as one of the best science books of the year.”
Content contained within the quotes was obtained from: About the Author Page, Beyond Einstein, Michio Kaku and Jennifer Thompson, Published by Doubleday 1987,1995
Stephen William Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 (300 years after the death of Galileo) in Oxford, England. His parents' house was in north London, but during the second world war Oxford was considered a safer place to have babies. When he was eight, his family moved to St Albans, a town about 20 miles north of London. At eleven Stephen went to St Albans School, and then on to University College, Oxford, his father's old college. Stephen wanted to do Mathematics, although his father would have preferred medicine. Mathematics was not available at University College, so he did Physics instead. After three years and not very much work he was awarded a first class honours degree in Natural Science.
Stephen then went on to Cambridge to do research in Cosmology, there being no-one working in that area in Oxford at the time. His supervisor was Denis Sciama, although he had hoped to get Fred Hoyle who was working in Cambridge. After gaining his Ph.D. he became first a Research Fellow, and later on a Professorial Fellow at Gonville and Caius College. After leaving the Institute of Astronomy in 1973 Stephen came to the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, and since 1979 has held the post of Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. The chair was founded in 1663 with money left in the will of the Reverend Henry Lucas, who had been the Member of Parliament for the University. It was first held by Isaac Barrow, and then in 1663 by Isaac Newton.
Stephen Hawking has worked on the basic laws which govern the universe. With Roger Penrose he showed that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied space and time would have a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black holes. These results indicated it was necessary to unify General Relativity with Quantum Theory, the other great Scientific development of the first half of the 20th Century. One consequence of such a unification that he discovered was that black holes should not be completely black, but should emit radiation and eventually evaporate and disappear. Another conjecture is that the universe has no edge or boundary in imaginary time. This would imply that the way the universe began was completely determined by the laws of science.
His many publications include The Large Scale Structure of Spacetime with G F R Ellis, General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey, with W Israel, and 300 Years of Gravity, with W Israel. Stephen Hawking has two popular books published; his best seller A Brief History of Time, and his later book, Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays.
Professor Hawking has twelve honorary degrees, was awarded the CBE in 1982, and was made a Companion of Honour in 1989. He is the recipient of many awards, medals and prizes and is a Fellow of The Royal Society and a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences.
Stephen Hawking continues to combine family life (he has three children and one grandchild), and his research into theoretical physics together with an extensive programme of travel and public lectures."
Content contained within the quotes was obtained from: the Stephen Hawking website http://www.hawking.org.uk/text/about/about.html
Stephen Hawking Website
Bob Lazar was an alleged government scientist working on captured spacecraft from extraterrestrial sources located at Area 51. The U.S. Government counter states he never worked for them and the base does not exist.
Bob Lazar Website
Encyclopedia Britannica @ http://www.britannica.com
Compton's Encyclopedia @ http://www.comptons.com/encyclopedia/home.html
Astronomy Magazine @ http://www.astronomy.com
*Sources Mentioned have no affilation to or back this website. They are mention only to give an alternate comprehensive view, because they are among mankind' best.
All Rights Reserved: ©Copyright 2001
All comments, good or bad about this website can be forwarded to firstname.lastname@example.org , although due to a busy scheduled there will be no direct response. Comments will be addressed within the website by modifying the documents related to it.