Sun Spots


  The 11-year cycle for our Sun's sunspots is a balance of three main factors that eventually lead to their occurrence. First, is the homogeneity of the dispersed heavy elements infused with hydrogen and the other light elements, which is all moving about the stellar core. Second, is the stir caused by internal core rotational momentum due to pressure inequalities in various core zones and their attractions from external gravitational sources and overshoot, which controls core rotation. Third, is the energy absorption and dissipation rate of heat sub atomic particles within the fringe heavy elements along the outer edge of the fusion activity zone of its core govern by the incoming gravitational subatomic particle flow, causing their movement. The first and second factors, homogeneity of the light and heavy elements and core rotational mixing are the balancing determinates of heat production and molecular activity affecting the fringe heavy elements. In the short time period of any stellar cycle of expansion and compression, gravitational subatomic flow, which compresses the core is stable, but the density of this core does change. Any shift in this balance would slow or accelerate the present 11-year cycle of movement from peak to peak.

   The cycle begins as the heavy elements on the outer edge of the fusion activity core zone, absorbs energy to the point where it initiates a migration of the affected matter away from the central stellar core. This allows a slight increase in the fusion and molecular motion rate within the core as these control factors, the heavy elements move out towards the surface of the Sun. An energy surge ensues and its effects cascade on the heavy elements initially moving them at an exponential rate from the stellar core. Its dense structure of these heavy elements readily absorbs the increased radiation of heat sub atomic particles.

   Hence, many self-contained bubbles of heavy elements affected by heat and molecular motion expand to the point where its density rapidly increases. Now lighter than the surrounding mass pushed with momentum, it rises away from the core amid the denser hydrogen and helium elements. It is the lighter density of the heavy elements when heated to a higher temperature that makes it float in an environment of many light elements at a lower temperature, which has a relative denser structure holding the heat subatomic particles. Once out of the active zone of the core, the heavy elements slowly dissipate their heat and molecular motion into the surrounding mass, then coalesce into a dense sphere of heavy elements and sink back towards the core. It is there close approach to the stellar surface that is responsible for the appearance of sunspots. Upon entering the fusion zone again, many sub-processes recycle and initiates a new sequence of events. This sinking process of the heavy elements affects the core in three prominent ways. First, by shutting down the localized fusion process in close proximity of the heavy element spheres. Forcing light elements on the fringe deeper into the core and finally a smaller containment area and greater compression. Thus the expansion phase due to new reaction cycle back towards expansion.

   The scientific details that supports the foundation of 11-year cycle of the occurrence of sun spots is related to the Sun's core. Our Sun's fusion process oscillates, as the compression area for reaction contracts and expands. As the heavy elements are removed from the core by centrifugal force, the fusion rate increases, thus an active stellar core. As the core dissipates energy into the interstellar medium, the stellar mass shrinks and gravitational subatomic particle flow increases compression and the fusion rate. The total cycle between peak, ebb and peak in our Sun is normally 11 years unless acted upon by an outside force. During the period peak activity within the core, heavy element pockets are sporadically ejected from the core. The centrifugal force and core energy moves these pockets towards the surface while bending the direction of flow towards a path that is parallel to the equatorial plane. This is why most sun spots appear 35 degrees above or below the equatorial plane.

   The heavy elements primarily composed of nickel-iron are suspended in pockets just below the stellar surface at a point of equilibrium with momentum preserved from core ejection, a boost from convection and centrifugal force outwards. The counter, gravitational subatomic particles flowing towards the core. Thus the flow of energy is deflected around the ejected heavy element anomaly and it is disturbance in flow of heat subatomic particles that causes the sun spots. 

   As flow of heat subatomic particles flow around the obstruction the principles of particle movement take precedence. The center of the spots have less energy projected to this area. Why, as particle streams flows around an obstruction, it spreads then converges. It is the high density convergence upon a central low density point to which particle movement flows towards that temporary void. Creating a temporary surface dimple effect on the surface of the object in question. The spikes are form from intensity of flow where radial streams are a compromise of the absence of heat sub atomic particles and the surrounding mass, thus a series of low activity spikes of alternating and normal surface mass surrounding the basic sun spot. The mass differential  between the heavy element pocket and the lighter hydrogen-helium surface initiates a rotation of the pocket reinforcing the inherited spin when ejected from the core. The subtleties of the spin creates pinwheel affect about the individual sun spot on the surface texture of the Sun.

   There is confusion within the scientific community that sun spots are caused by the Sun' magnetic field, when in fact it is the sunspots that is the termination point for the source magnetic subatomic particle flowing from the Sun's magnetic north pole. This is  caused by the underlying heavy element pockets that attracts and blocks the normal heat convection flows towards the surface of the Sun. The iron-nickel composition of the heavy elements and its polarized structure provides magnetic subatomic particles an alternate flow, diverted from the primary field heat towards the Sun's south pole. They flow along pathway of least resistance back towards the core. This why charged solar particle ejections curve back towards these magnetic anomalies.

   So why has the solar color of the Sun moved from  pre 2002 of yellow to white, yet with this increased activity, sunspots and flares have decreased?

   Still not revealed in Dec. 2009 to the general public from official sources, the 12th planet being highly magnetic has moved up into the ecliptic plane where it presently resides. Where alignment oscillates with the Sun's magnetic field as a compromise resulting in a side by side, thus there is a compression of particle flows about and within both objects due to close proximity. To a magnetic pole attraction, which tips the12th planets pole, ultimately affecting Earth.

   As the magnetic related iron-nickel pockets are squeezed towards the core it pushes new hydrogen fuel within the stellar mass into the compression zone, thus their is increased activity and greater turmoil. Usually pockets of these heavy elements are ejected from the stellar core where they temporarily float towards the stellar sub-surface creating blemishes, sun spots. The introduction of the 12th planet and its magnetic field within the solar system has suppressed expansion of the Sun's heavy elements that are magnetically aligned the core. This pressure pushed the heavy elements on the fringe closer to the core, but also forcing in new sources of hydrogen. This resulted an increased reaction rate, but the added magnetic field does not allow the heavy elements to drift beyond the outer core. Creating a brighter whiter, larger Sun than what was observed by all pre 2002.  The suppression of the heavy elements drifting in the sub surface has decreased significantly as these anomalies do not achieve the ejection velocities due to the intense push back of the outside magnetic field. Unexplained, until now is absence or low level of sunspots when the cycle should more than half way towards the established scientific peak in 2012.

   This process going on in the core with other adjustments to be commented on at a later will lead to a warning for all of mankind as the surface of the Sun explodes sending a super flare towards Earth that rolls back its atmosphere like a scroll and shakes the Earth where the powerful will cower in fear. Details will come in a new paper, The Warning.

Consider this when Examining the Magnetic Properties of a Stellar Object

   Hydrogen and helium are poor candidates to be considered as producers of a magnetic field in a solar object. The internal magnetic flow of the Sun is interrupted as sun spots diverts the primary source of magnetic subatomic particle flow, the magnetic north pole. It is this interaction between the rogue pockets of heavy iron elements ejected to where they temporarily suspend within the stellar subsurface and primary heavy iron element located in the Sun's core. These massive clumps tends to destabilize and deviate the primary flow of magnetic particles as they are emitted from the north to reenter at the south magnetic poles of the Sun. Thus producing eddies and secondary flows outside the established magnetic field lines as they travel.



Take note: the peaks and valleys may vary, buy the 11 year cycle remains intact, until the 1st decade of the 21st century

This graph shows the number of sunspots counted each year for several decades. Notice how consistent the sunspot count rises and falls in an 11-year cycle.
Windows to the Universe original artwork by Randy Russell.


So how has NASA's predictions changed during this decade without an explanation to an established pattern over centuries?

   NASA has offered no explanation for the current deviations in the present sun spot cycle, but as an official mouth piece of the scientific community on Earth, their assessment has not been questioned.

Link: nasapredict.htm