The Origin of Comets
and the Oort Cloud
Comets, a cosmic wanderer, whose rocky core provides the gravitational attraction to hold the shell of ice and dirt that encompasses it, is a mystery. Mankind has proposed an answer to address their creation and source. How were they formed in the genesis of the solar system? Secondarily How do comets contain the materials for the essence of life in the void of space without stimuli?
Presently most scientists conclude the Oort Cloud is a spherical shell of comets residing outside of the of this solar system, created during the Big Bang.
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General consensus among most astronomers that comets are displaced from the Oort cloud by the gravitational force emanating from a periodical passing star seen or unseen, which is or moving to the outside of our solar system. This theory proposes as a gravitational affect of this passing of a stellar object, the resultant interaction between the objects in the Kuiper Belt is a gravitational tug, thus displacing it from static orbital path. Can these comets, which are moving about in the alleged Oort cloud, be dislodged by this gravitational attractive force, thus ejecting them out of the cloud into new orbits towards the Sun? Let us scrutinize this theory examine the laws of motion and force, then apply it to where these alleged comets reside. Secondarily, lets look closely at its directional relationship between the comets and the gravitational source of a passing stellar object.
Would a star passing to the outside of the Oort cloud dislodge comets propelling them towards the inner solar system? A passage on the far side of the theoretical Oort cloud sphere would result in a wider elliptical orbit of the affected comet, sending them in a new direction towards the gravitational source, the passing solar mass. A direction, which is away from the Sun. Contemplating, a passing starís gravitational effects displacing comets on the far side of the Oort cloud sphere. Lets apply Newtonís gravitational laws, this would yield an insignificant force originating from the passing solar mass compared to the Sunís gravitational force, thus maintaining the original orbit with a temporary perturbation dependent upon time and distance between the affected masses.
The Oort Cloud: A Search for the Truth
Has the theory of the alleged Oort cloud when presented to the scientific community for acceptance, been carefully examined? The effect on the inner solar system would be detectable as the orbits of planets when on the far side of the Sun would be pulled slightly inward and subdued affect on the outer planets due to distance and mass, but a passing star would leave a precession pattern where all planets within the solar system perihelion and aphelion would follow the gravitational tug of the passing star. Once set in motion, this would this affect would still be a present today and the extremes on the ellipse would stabilize back inward towards the Sun, the primary gravitational source within the affected area.
As we know Mercury has a measured precession rate of 5.75 arc seconds per year or approximately 8.1% above predicted levels by Newtonian gravitational formulas. Einstein's Relativity Theory seems to have closed the discrepancy, but was it a series of equations or the true answer to explaining the deviation in Mercury's precession. Mercury's precession would have been solved by both parties had they knowledge of all the primary forces at play within the solar system. So lets look at what force and conditions is responsible for the eccentricity of the planetary orbits? Secondarily, why the planets have precession, what accounts for the variation of rates of arc seconds/year of all the planets with the focus on Mercury?
All are familiar with the math behind the ellipse. An circle whose shape is elongated as the focal point move from the central point to 2 foci. Presently, there is no known gravitational source within this visible solar system responsible for the eccentricity of the planets. Through transformation, a foci within the eclipse or in the real universe, the gravitational source that controls the orbits of all within the system can be replaced by a large static mass at an extreme distance. The transformation works when the mass is significantly large enough to counter the distance from the point of equalization or the extreme of the elliptical orbit. This affect on the common point is the same from the external source or a mathematical focal point within the ellipse, thus the transformation where an internal point can be replaced by an external point achieving the same effect.
Lets consider the condition of a random occurrence stellar mass passage to the outside of the general solar system and the affect it would have on it. As the stellar mass passes parallel to the plane of the solar system where it affects what planetary motion would ensue from the encounter? The point of maximum stretch of the elliptical orbit would latently follow the gravitational attraction from the direction of motion from the stellar object. Any affect of motion towards the inner solar system would occur on the far side of the Sun where the effects on the Kuiper belt objects and Oort Cloud would be of little change. As the gravitational pull however weak would have the same effect on all masses just a temporary inward transposing of positions, the relative positions of the random masses within the cloud to each other, would still remain relatively unchanged. This could not be the major cause of any objects being ejected from the hypothetical Oort cloud.
All planets have an eccentricity, and it is this maximum average perihelion, which points in the direction of the gravitational mass responsible for the deviation even though it is unseen, but the affects are still present. In this instance, it is the simple principles of math of an basic eclipse that backs the observed phenomena, which may improve on the current practice of solving the problem through a set of equations and numbers that are recalculated again and again, until the result seems to fit what occurs.
The precession of the planets including the anomaly of with Mercury is dependent first being in a binary stellar gravitational system. This is evident by the eccentricity of the planets and the overall average maximum stretch in the elliptical orbit during its precession direction points towards an unseen gravitational source. Gravitational particles in its basic format applies a force through a mass in the direction of flow towards the core of the mass.
Moving to the next level, we will raise our understanding of how gravitational subatomic particles behave in a complex system of planetary masses and the various forces exhibited when primary binary gravitational sources interact on a mass between and to the outside of these 2 gravity focal points and each other. Also applying additional layer as we examine the rotational torque from a primary source of drivers, the repulsion streams exiting the Sun, which pushes orbital motion of any object within the Sun's gravitational field and the remote gravitational source elongates the orbit of the planetary masses and sets into motion precession of the elliptical orbit.
The behavior of gravitational particle movement between two gravitational sources moves from the maximum flow about the 2 central mass points at the extremes to the point of measured flow of gravitational particles is moves towards a point of equilibrium. There is an exponential decrease in flow gravitational subatomic particles affecting any mass between the 2 gravitational focal points until there is a dither point the gravitational forces between both focal points are equal. Once established this is a function of mass of each of the anchor stellar masses and the distance between them. So if any mass was to travel between them, it is conservation of momentum of the mass in transit, which pushes it pass the dither point.
The concept is that as any planetary object shifting to the far side of the link between the binary masses will be seen as a combined gravitational force of the 2 anchor masses thus slowing the planetary objects on the far side short of their normal orbit, first slowly progression then accelerating it back at an increase velocity. Resulting in an overshoot to the normal near stellar gravitational containment due excess velocity, in conjunction the gravitational field of the nearby object is diminished due to the counter stellar mass anchoring the far side, which grows exponentially with distance travel away from the near sided source. Thus this explains the increased velocity on the short side of a shifted elliptical orbit and the elongated stretch in the direction of the gravitational source. This stretch is at its maximum when pointed at the source and eccentricity decreases or increases as you move away or towards the point on the orbital path intersected by a line connecting the Sun and the unseen gravitational source.
The final major factor is the repulsion streams [prerequisite: Planetary Orbital Plane and Motion] emitted from the Sun, which was proposed Einstein as the repulsion force, but was withdrawn. The effects of gravitational sources is greatest on Mercury coupled with the extreme particle streams exiting the Sun driving its orbit. It is the combination of these factors that affects Mercury. The closest planet undergoes extremes, driving rotational force in conjunction when on the far side of the Sun, the combined gravitational forces of a unlit stellar, increases the orbital velocity when pulled closer by providing an alternate shorter path, thus and momentum is added. As extremes are set if there is a variance in velocity the point of these extremes move about the arc of orbit in relation the combined force applied, rotational torque and the increase of velocity on the far side of the Sun due the combined attraction of the 2 gravitational sources. The combination of being stretched then contracting adds to the rotational velocity around the Sun. Does not a skater when closing the distance between the center of rotation and its extremes increase rotational torque? Should it be any different with a solar mass? This is responsible for Mercury's precession the missing pieces, a secondary gravitational source and the repulsion force. We can now apply the same principles to the other planets when we consider exponential decrease on 2 levels of rotational torque and distance from combined gravitational sources, primarily. Then examine the variation between the outside planet being focused on as a function of mass ratio to the inner planet, distance from the Sun, and the exponential decrease of the repulsion streams directly responsible for rotational torque of the whole reference ellipse as the extreme points of elongation rotates about the Sun measured in arc seconds per/year.
How does Planetary Mass Affect Another Planet's Precession?
Precession Rates of the Planets
So how does planetary mass affect the rate of precession of the next planet in conjunction with the exponential decrease in force due to distance from both gravitational sources and the repulsion streams emanating from the Sun? Mercury with a mass of less than 7 % of that of Venus contributes little to no force pulling it towards the Sun yet there is a significant decrease in gravitational force and rotational torque, thus the decrease in precession. When Earth is considered the precession increases as the mass of Venus contributes thus adding force exceeding the decrease in the combined gravitational sources and rotational torque from the Sun's repulsion streams. Mars again takes advantage of Earth's mass and its attraction thus again a gain in the precession rate. When we examine Jupiter, the mass of Mars has little affect to pull the planet, coupled with the decrease of gravity due a large increase in distance the precession rate drop significantly. This reverses with Saturn due to the mass of Jupiter. As we move to the outer planets planetary mass is similar and distance become the dominating factor contributing to the decline of precession rate.
Aspects of the Creation of the Oort Cloud
How can there be a spherical cometary Oort cloud when the inner solar system conforms to a disk? Does not the universe show many examples in the form of galaxies where size is not a limiting factor on structural organization of cosmic masses around a common gravitational center. The gravitational force emanating from our Sun is responsible for holding the solar system of planets and the Oort cloud. The basis for current planetary formation is centered around a disk of gas and dust condensing within a plane due to rotation momentum held by gravitational containment force of the Sun.
Now there is an exception, where smaller comets, which are of lower mass coalesced, but instead gathering in a tight cluster or assimilating into larger comets, they are scattered about the extreme outer gravitational field of the in a spherical shape, how? Does the low mass, gravel particle related objects that revolve around Saturn in its rings exhibit this pattern or are they flatten within a plane with the larger masses, moons revolving in many eccentric planes outside of these rings? How do you account for these objects to attract water, a heavy molecule in relation to other light hydrogen compounds with a light gravitational attraction?
The first problem is in the creation of the comets at the dawn of the Universe. If the forming rocky core was cooling, any water that was attracted and touched the heated rock, gravity could not reverse the process of rapid evaporation and expansion into the vacuum of space. What if the core rock was at or near the ambient temperature of space near what is referred as just above absolute zero. This would allow frozen water with a rock core to co-exist. Yes this is true, but the rocky core could not attract gravitationally the water in its solid form producing the comet's present form at the extreme edge of the solar system. The process of water gathering on about a cosmic object will be covered in detail within the yet to be released revised version of planetary formation.
In a brief advanced synopsis, the oxide compounds that were locked within selected compound masses related to a localized big bang are released. Now that gravitational containment of the originating black hole and its related mass has broken down, this allows the ambient heat related to the coalescing mass or forming planet or moon separate the molecular bonds, thus the matter aspirates oxygen. This in itself is only the first step as an available hydrogen cloud at conception needs to be present. The second step a nickel iron core that produces a magnetic field. This here that the electrical disturbances triggers a reaction between the available hydrogen and the released oxygen. Thus water rains down on the surface, but this is only efficient within the zone just inside of Mars to just outside the asteroid belt. It is here that gravity versus evaporation maintains containment, thus it gathers about the surface.
The origin of comets is unique for a solar system. As they were resultant of a cosmic collision in the ancient past of this system. A trailing moon caught in a gravitational web of a wandering celestial body impacted an inner water planet, was located between Mars and Jupiter now only a remnant debris field of asteroids exists in its place. This wanderer, a planetoid unknown to most of mankind except by rumor is the twelfth planet (a.k.a. Planet X), but what is unusual is that it slings around binary gravitational sources, our visible Sun on one extreme and an unlit counter mass on the other, thus motion occurs in an odd orbit not referenced in any texts. This traveling planet has a diameter approximately of 29,000 miles and an orbital period of 3,656 years and pierces the ecliptic plane at various points throughout the eons in relation to the decreasing mass of the Sun and its declining repulsive force dictating the distance of closest approach.
A cataclysmic cosmic event occurred, as the intruder with its captured moons trailing behind its gravitational field, entered the solar system like usual. On a close passage of a planet that was totally covered by water and harbored primordial life between Jupiter and Mars, broke the gravitational containment of a wafting tail. Where the combination of oscillation of movements of objects on the fringe of the tail became attracted and aligned to the planetary gravitational force in turn capturing one of the trailing moons. Due to the speed of the moon's approach, it resulted in a direct collision as the repulsion force invoked only within close proximity and could not brake the momentum. The size, speed, and mass of the moon were not the main determining factors in the breakup of the planet, but its fragile crust. Internal pressures of the hot core with its magna flows that were contained by a thin outer shell, due to then the planetís young solar age. The crust had little time to form the many layers seen in present day geology on Earth. Now locked on target by gravity, the stray incoming moon shatters the planet. The force and momentum of the impact carries the shock waves through the center of the planet and ruptures the opposite side of the sphere. Thus propelling water and magma into space where it froze into its present day form, comets (rocky cores surrounded by water) and the asteroids. The straighter the angle of the fragmentary pieces are to the collision of the moon and the planet, the longer the orbital period of the comet. It is due to less interference of the Sunís gravity in relation to its path.
Most of all, how can complex organic molecules form when activity at the molecular level nears a halt in temperatures at or near mankind's theoretical absolute zero, cooling rapidly from the extreme temperatures related to the Big Bang and its release from a singularity? To say the building blocks of complex life forms are in comets, is to say life existed shortly after the big bang in a sterile environment, which would then lead one to consider intelligent design.
As for the reason comets contain the seeds of life? It was there from
the onset of existence in the primordial oceans of the impacted water planet. Once the waters
were dispersed into space and exposed to the cold void of the solar system, all elemental
organic matter was frozen in time. So the comet was a seed of a planet providing
the basic structures leading to life providing a glimpse into our past.
is more to the creation of life on our world if it exists at the base of
volcanic plumes on the ocean floor, its surface, land or the air, and evolution
may not be able to account for all environments.
New Definition: Over time, the mass of stellar objects are converted to energy or loss to stellar expulsion in its many forms of flares and subatomic particle streams. The reduction in mass have a relational decrease to the central point of gravity as the repulsion force separating the objects to the force of gravitational attraction is disproportionate to the total relationship of all mutual objects within the shared field.
As we build upon our knowledge in the field of astrophysics, there are indications to consider that our solar system is part of a binary stellar system. The Sun, which has been known from the dawn of mankind, is visible. The companion, the Dark One, its existence only contemplated in some theories such as the orbital perturbations of the planets, which is more extreme on the outer planets. The unlit stellar mass, is not detectable in the visible light spectrum, but reveals its presence when gravitational planetary & deep space probe Pioneer 10 gravitational anomalies in its predicted path are examined. The clue will be the probe's unexplained exponential increase in velocity and rapid loss of communications as it approaches and passes the mid point of the binary stellar static dance.
The counter, if there was a massive dark star, there would be a detectable gravitational wobble with our own Sun. Due to the distance and no appreciable rotation about a common static position in the galaxy, why would some assume a wobble of the Sun's mass? Wobble only presents itself when a mass is within a close proximity and has short orbital period. When there are many planets within the solar system and a mass is at an extreme distance, your own gravitational formulas show that the force applied is smaller than the emanates from the inner planets.
An object once in motion maintains that motion unless acted upon by an outside force. This is a universal law of physics throughout the universe. The Dark One responsible for this force is similar in mass and diameter to our Sun, although there is a difference in its stellar core with the fusion process. The rocky mass core of the Dark One that formed at the creation of this stellar system during a localized galactic big bang, became the seed that the hydrogen gas clouds solidified around it due to its initial mass. Thus initiating the gravitational subatomic particle flow towards its center. As the hydrogen gas clouds collapsed around the new cosmic mass, the heavy elements within the rocky core was sufficiently large enough to prevent the proportional ratio to hydrogen element/dampener mix to reach a critical fusion level from engaging. Thus motion and subatomic particle flow related to electron dropping from a level of excitation capable of producing visible light is shunted, but the mass maintains an contained heat signature. The quick explanation is that the mass with its random sporadic pockets of fusion and resultant heat are quickly absorbed by the total mass. Containment of all visible energy is achieved as the core is able to absorb all created heat and energy within in its body, which dissipates into space. Hence, the star called the Dark One did not light, but the mass of this object and its gravitational effects and a source of self-contained heat above the ambient temperature of outer space are still present.
Looking away from Earth, the Dark One is located in the direction of the Orion Constellation at a distance of a little more than 18 times the defined by radius between our Sun and the object referred as Pluto (the exact distance is available and at the courtesy of zetatalk.com). Our solar system is rare in the Universe, because we have 9 or 8 known planets according to which side of the fence you sit on, thus revolving around one of the binary stars, the Sun. What it is unique in that both systems share a common mass about relative static positions.
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Mankind's Theories on Comets and the Oort Cloud
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